Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2014, V. 161, p. 115-120
Fecha de publicación :
Disability does not have nor had the same perception in all civilizations. Its treatment and considerations have been very complex
and diverse within its regions and have generated multiple discriminatory behaviors. Today, we live in a new social paradigm
developed with human rights in mind that people with disabilities enjoy. This new model, more human, has been adopted in most
countries of the world. These rights are consistent with equality in opportunities thanks to the support in new policies and new
action programs in favor of education, health, and work rights to help them enjoy their full potential.
The rights for people with disabilities has been reinforced with the support and legislative recommendations made from the
European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedom of 1953, from the Program of World Action
for Disabilities (Decade of United Nations for People with Disabilities between 1983-1992), from the European Action Plan for
People with Disabilities 2003 - 2010, Strategies about Disabilities 2010-2020 in the European Union. In Spain, with the law of
April 7th of 1982: Law of Social Integration for the Handicapped (LISMI) and also, with the law of 51/2003, of December 2nd, of
Equal Opportunities, no Discrimination and Universal Accessibility for People with Disabilities (LIONDAU).
Society has come a long way which has allowed us to change from humiliating conceptualizations like: crazy, demential, disable,
handicapped, deficient, etc., to the new concept of people with disabilities. Regardless of this improvements, reality shows the
precariousness situation that this people live, especially, women and girls with disabilities. They have difficulties even to be able
to read and write. They are excluded from the education system, work training and some basic health services that ignore them and
deny their right to reproduce and deny their sexuality. Therefore, they suffer a greater social exclusion and are more vulnerable to
violence situations for multiple discriminations: to be a woman and to have a disability. They face a social image that is invisible
and anonymous in our society.
Social image Women with disability The dignity of women Vulnerability Social exclusion