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dc.contributor.authorSanz Borràs, Montserrat
dc.contributor.authorDaura Luján, Joan
dc.contributor.authorCabanes, Dan .
dc.contributor.authorÉgüez, Natalia
dc.contributor.authorCarrancho Alonso, Ángel 
dc.contributor.authorBadal, Ernestina
dc.contributor.authorSouto, Pedro
dc.contributor.authorRodrigues, Filipa
dc.contributor.authorZilhão, João
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-05T10:17:15Z
dc.date.available2021-11-05T10:17:15Z
dc.date.issued2020-07
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10259/6111
dc.description.abstractThe site of Gruta da Aroeira (Torres Novas, Portugal), with evidence of human occupancy dating to ca. 400 ka (Marine Isotope Stage 11), is one of the very few Middle Pleistocene localities to have provided a fossil hominin cranium associated with Acheulean bifaces in a cave context. The multi-analytic study reported here of the by-products of burning recorded in layer X suggests the presence of anthropogenic fires at the site, among the oldest such evidence in south-western Europe. The burnt material consists of bone, charcoal and, possibly, quartzite cobbles. These finds were made in a small area of the cave and in two separate occupation horizons. Our results add to our still-limited knowledge about the controlled use of fire in the Lower Palaeolithic and contribute to ongoing debates on the behavioural complexity of the Acheulean of Europe.en
dc.description.sponsorshipFinancial support for the archaeological fieldwork undertaken at the Almonda karst sites was provided by the Municipality of Torres Novas and by projects PTDC/HIS-ARQ/098164/2008 and PTDC/HAR-ARQ/30413/2017, funded by FCT (Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Portugal). This study was supported by the Governments of Spain—projects HAR2017-86509 and PGC2018-093925-B-C33 (MCI/AEI/FEDER, UE), Catalonia—project 2017SGR-00011- and France—the International Research Network (IRN 0871 CNRS-INEE): Taphonomy European Network (TaphEN). M. Sanz and J. Daura were supported by Juan de la Cierva (IJCI-2017–33908) and Ramon y Cajal (RYC-2015–17667) postdoctoral grants, respectively. Á. Carrancho gratefully acknowledges financial support from the Junta de Castilla y León (project BU235P18) as well as FEDER funding and project AEI/10.13039/501100011033.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherSpringer Natureen
dc.relation.ispartofScientific Reports. 2020, V. 10, 12053en
dc.rightsAtribución 4.0 Internacional*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.subject.otherArqueologíaes
dc.subject.otherArchaeologyen
dc.subject.otherPrehistoriaes
dc.subject.otherPrehistoric peoplesen
dc.titleEarly evidence of fire in south-western Europe: the Acheulean site of Gruta da Aroeira (Torres Novas, Portugal)en
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-68839-w
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41598-020-68839-w
dc.type.hasVersioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersiones


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