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In-situ evidence of the redox-state dependence of photoluminescence in graphene quantum dots
The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. 2017, V. 8, n. 2, p. 531–537
American Chemical Society
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Changes in the optical properties of graphene quantum dots (GQD) during electrochemical reduction and oxidation were investigated by photoluminescence (PL) spectroelectrochemistry, which provided direct in situ evidence of the dependence of GQD luminescence on their redox state. We demonstrated that GQD PL intensity was enhanced upon reduction (quantum yield increased from 0.44 to 0.55) and substantially bleached during oxidation (quantum yield ∼0.12). Moreover, PL emission blue/red-shifted upon GQD reduction/oxidation, rendering information about electronic transitions involved in the redox processes, namely, the π → π* and the n → π* transitions between energy levels of the aromatic sp2 domains and the functional groups, respectively. PL intensity changes during GQD reduction/oxidation resulted from a variation in structural changes in GQD as a result of charge injection, as corroborated by in situ Raman spectroelectrochemistry.
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