Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorNarbarte-Hernández, Josu
dc.contributor.authorIriarte Avilés, Eneko 
dc.contributor.authorRad Moradillo, Juan Carlos 
dc.contributor.authorCarrancho Alonso, Ángel 
dc.contributor.authorGonzález-Sampériz, Penélope
dc.contributor.authorPeña Chocarro, Leonor
dc.contributor.authorQuirós-Castillo, Juan Antonio
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-29T09:05:26Z
dc.date.available2019-10-29T09:05:26Z
dc.date.issued2019-09
dc.identifier.issn0048-9697
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10259/5151
dc.description.abstractEvolution and change in agricultural practice is a major factor in the codification of social relations and represents one of the main resources employed by human societies to establish a durable relationship with their environment. Using a multi-proxy integrated approach, this paper seeks to decipher the long-term dynamics that have shaped agricultural landscapes in the Basque Country (N Spain). Social and economic indicators (archival records, toponymy and oral sources) are used along with geological core sampling (geochemistry, magnetic, palynological and carpological analyses) to reconstruct a diachronic sequence of human settlement and agricultural management in the village of Aizarna over the last ~1500 years. The oldest records obtained refer to non-agricultural human activities dating back to the Roman period. Later on, traces of agricultural landscape-transformation can be divided into four main phases: 1) the onset of terraced agriculture, defined by the clearance and terracing of previous forested areas during the Early Middle Ages; 2) a Late Medieval reorganisation, with new terraces being (re)constructed close to dispersed farmsteads, linked to the emergence of the modern rural landscape; 3) a new model of intensive polyculture developed during the Modern period as a consequence of the introduction of new crops of American origin; and 4) the mechanisation and commercialisation of the agricultural production over the 20th century. These results provide a valuable pathway for the investigation of currently inhabited rural contexts, and offer, for the first time in this region, an overview on long-term landscape construction in the Atlantic areas of the Basque Country.en
dc.description.sponsorshipFieldwork was funded by the Culture Department of the Provincial Government of Gipuzkoa, and by the Project “Peasant Agency and socio-political complexity in the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages” (Ministry of Economy, AEI/FEDER EU HUM2016-76094-C4-2-R), jointly participated in by the Research Group on Heritage and Cultural Landscapes (Basque Government, IT936-16) and the Group of Rural Studies (UPV/EHU-CSIC Associated Unit). Á. Carrancho acknowledges the financial support given by the Consejería de Educación, Junta de Castilla y León (project BU235P18) with also FEDER funding.es
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherElsevieres
dc.relation.ispartofScience of the total environment. 2019, V. 681, p. 66-81es
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectAgricultureen
dc.subjectGeoarchaeologyen
dc.subjectSoilsen
dc.subjectGeochemistryen
dc.subjectCore samplingen
dc.subjectSocial changeen
dc.subject.otherAgriculturaes
dc.subject.otherAgricultureen
dc.subject.otherArqueologíaes
dc.subject.otherArchaeologyen
dc.titleOn the origin of rural landscapes: Looking for physico-chemical fingerprints of historical agricultural practice in the Atlantic Basque Country (N Spain)en
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.typeArtículoes
dc.rights.holderAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional*
dc.date.embargo2021-09-01
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.05.082
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.05.082
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MINECO/76094-C4-2-R
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/GV/IT936-16
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/JCyL/BU235P18
dc.type.hasVersioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record