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dc.contributor.authorDomi, Brixhilda
dc.contributor.authorBhorkar, Kapil
dc.contributor.authorRumbo Lorenzo, Carlos 
dc.contributor.authorSygellou, Labrini
dc.contributor.authorMartel Martín, Sonia
dc.contributor.authorQuesada Pato, Roberto 
dc.contributor.authorYannopoulos, Spyros N.
dc.contributor.authorTamayo Ramos, Juan Antonio 
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-12T13:06:31Z
dc.date.available2021-03-12T13:06:31Z
dc.date.issued2021-06
dc.identifier.issn0045-6535
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10259/5644
dc.description.abstractThe utilization of tungsten disulfide (WS2) nanomaterials in distinct applications is raising due to their unique physico-chemical properties, such as low friction coefficient and high strength, which highlights the necessity to study their potential toxicological effects, due to the potential increase of environmental and human exposure. The aim of this work was to analyze commercially available aqueous dispersions of monolayer tungsten disulfide (2D WS2) nanomaterials with distinct lateral size employing a portfolio of physico-chemical and toxicological evaluations. The structure and stoichiometry of monolayer tungsten disulfide (WS2-ACS-M) and nano size monolayer tungsten disulfide (WS2-ACS-N) was analyzed by Raman spectroscopy, whereas a more quantitative approach to study the nature of formed oxidized species was undertaken employing X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549 cells) and the ecotoxicology model Saccharomyces cerevisiae were selected as unicellular eukaryotic systems to assess the cytotoxicity of the nanomaterials. Cell viability and reactive oxygen species (ROS) determinations demonstrated different toxicity levels depending on the cellular model used. While both 2D WS2 suspensions showed very low toxicity towards the A549 cells, a comparable concentration (160 mg L−1) reduced the viability of yeast cells. The toxicity of a nano size 2D WS2 commercialized in dry form from the same provider was also assessed, showing ability to reduce yeast cells viability as well. Overall, the presented data reveal the physico-chemical properties and the potential toxicity of commercial 2D WS2 aqueous suspensions when interacting with distinct eukaryotic organisms, showing differences in function of the biological system exposed.es
dc.description.sponsorshipEuropean Union’s H2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement N. 721642es
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenges
dc.publisherElsevieres
dc.relation.ispartofChemosphere. 2021, V. 272, 129603es
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subject2D WS2es
dc.subjectStructureStoichiometryes
dc.subjectEukaryotic cellses
dc.subjectCell viabilityes
dc.subjectOxidative stresses
dc.titleToxicological assessment of commercial monolayer tungsten disulfide nanomaterials aqueous suspensions using human A549 cells and the model fungus Saccharomyces cerevisiaees
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccesses
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.129603es
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.129603
dc.journal.titleChemospherees
dc.volume.number272es
dc.page.initial129603es
dc.type.hasVersioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersiones


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