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Magnetic fabric of loess and its significance in Pleistocene environment reconstructions
Earth-Science Reviews. 2020, V. 210, 103385
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A summary of approximately three decades and greater than thirty loess magnetic fabric studies is presented here. The revised studies cover various loess regions from the Chinese Loess Plateau across the European Loess Belt to Alaska. Although there is still an ongoing argument about the feasibility of the magnetic fabric of loess in paleowind reconstructions, the determination of prevailing wind direction during various periods of the Pleistocene is the main goal of magnetic anisotropy analysis of the revised loess successions. The magnetic fabric analysis of loess from Chinese Loess Plateau provided significant information about the characteristics of paleomonsoon in East Asia, and the results from other loess regions, such as Alaska, the European Loess Belt, and Siberia, are also promising. As it is shown in this review, the synthesis of the paleowind direction results from the studied profiles may already provide a significant foundation for future climate models by the reconstruction of key climate centres and main continental level wind tracks. Besides the reconstruction of prevailing paleowind directions, there are numerous loess magnetic fabric studies using magnetic anisotropy parameters in the reconstruction of the characteristics of long-term climate trends, climate transitions and glacial- interglacial cycles. There are some lesser known aspects contributing to magnetic fabric of loess, such as the influence of various types of magnetic contributors on the overall fabric (i.e. the study of sub-fabrics) and their role in environment reconstruction. Besides the identification of aeolian magnetic fabric, not so many studies focus on the magnetic anisotropy characteristics of materials, possibly developed by water-lain sedimentation, pedogenesis, mass movements and permafrost activity. Novel results from Hungarian loess, especially from Paks, connected to some of the latter topics are also presented. Such topics includes the analysis of the nanofabric in paleosols, developed by pedogenesis, the comparison of magnetic fabric, formed during high energy transportation by aeolian or aquatic agents, and the periodicity analysis of magnetic parameters during the early Middle Pleistocene. New research lines, introduced in this review, may inspire new researches, and provide new perspectives for the next generation of magnetic anisotropy studies of loess successions.
Loess and paleosol successions
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