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dc.contributor.authorMallol, Carolina
dc.contributor.authorHernández Gómez, Cristo M.
dc.contributor.authorMercier, Norbert
dc.contributor.authorFalguères, Christophe
dc.contributor.authorCarrancho Alonso, Ángel 
dc.contributor.authorCabanes, Dan .
dc.contributor.authorVidal-Matutano, Paloma
dc.contributor.authorConnolly, Rory
dc.contributor.authorPérez, Leopoldo
dc.contributor.authorMayor, Alejandro
dc.contributor.authorBen Arous, Eslem
dc.contributor.authorGalván, Bertila
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-05T09:15:00Z
dc.date.available2021-11-05T09:15:00Z
dc.date.issued2019-12
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10259/6110
dc.description.abstractThere is a relatively low amount of Middle Paleolithic sites in Europe dating to MIS 4. Of the few that exist, several of them lack evidence for anthropogenic fire, raising the question of how this period of global cooling may have affected the Neanderthal population. The Iberian Peninsula is a key area to explore this issue, as it has been considered as a glacial refugium during critical periods of the Neanderthal timeline and might therefore yield archaeological contexts in which we can explore possible changes in the behaviour and settlement patterns of Neanderthal groups during MIS 4. Here we report recent data from Abric del Pastor, a small rock shelter in Alcoy (Alicante, Spain) with a stratified deposit containing Middle Palaeolithic remains. We present absolute dates that frame the sequence within MIS 4 and multi-proxy geoarchaeological evidence of in situ anthropogenic fire, including microscopic evidence of in situ combustion residues and thermally altered sediment. We also present archaeostratigraphic evidence of recurrent, functionally diverse, brief human occupation of the rock shelter. Our results suggest that Neanderthals occupied the Central Mediterranean coast of the Iberian Peninsula during MIS 4, that these Neanderthals were not undergoing climatic stress and they were habitual fire users.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was funded by a Leakey Foundation General Grant, Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities Projects HAR2008-06117/HIST and HAR2015-68321-P, Junta de Castilla y León-FEDER Project BU235P18, the LabEx Sciences Archéologiques de Bordeaux (LaScArBx ANR-10-LABX-52) and ERC Consolidator Grant ERC-CoG-2014. Archaeological excavations at Abric del Pastor are supported by the Archaeological Museum of Alcoy and the Government of Valencia Cultural Heritage Department.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherSpringer Natureen
dc.relation.ispartofScientific Reports. 2019, V. 9, 18281en
dc.rightsAtribución 4.0 Internacional*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.subject.otherArqueologíaes
dc.subject.otherArchaeologyen
dc.subject.otherPrehistoriaes
dc.subject.otherPrehistoric peoplesen
dc.titleFire and brief human occupations in Iberia during MIS 4: Evidence from Abric del Pastor (Alcoy, Spain)en
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-54305-9
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41598-019-54305-9
dc.type.hasVersioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersiones


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