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Opportunities for sustainable and intelligent mobility in the responsive city
R-Evolucionando el transporte
Universidad de Burgos. Servicio de Publicaciones e Imagen Institucional
Fecha de publicación
Trabajo presentado en: R-Evolucionando el transporte, XIV Congreso de Ingeniería del Transporte (CIT 2021), realizado en modalidad online los días 6, 7 y 8 de julio de 2021, organizado por la Universidad de Burgos
The growth of the world population indicates that about 70% of the inhabitants will live in cities by 2050. This implies the need for infrastructure, resources, basic services, and transportation available to serve this population and guarantee their quality of life. To meet these requirements, some cities have adopted technology to obtain data and information that allow for the analysis of these new dynamics from the perspective of smart cities. Other cities have also involved criteria focused on the well-being of the communityenvironmental system from the perspective of sustainable cities. There are other cities that transcend the sustainable and intelligent status to become responsive cities where the interpretation and analysis of data is provided by and for citizens. This allows them to become key in the planning and development of their city and the construction of these cities in the future. Mobility in the development of cities is important and in a responsive city it is no different. It allows for the dynamic action of the population to satisfy their needs. Mobility worldwide is based on the private car and infrastructure grows as a function of this. The associated environmental, economic, and social impacts have wide ranging consequences. Likewise, the COVID-19 pandemic has revealed an additional motivation to opt for public transport, cycling, or walking instead of the private car. This requires rethinking cities and adapting their physical, technological, and social infrastructure to facilitate this transition. The evaluation of mobility in cities is based on indicators that allow the monitoring of important aspects from specific practices in each territory. However, the framework of responsive cities is not clearly or comprehensively identified resulting in the need for an investigative process aimed at forming a citizen-centered mobility evaluation model, integrating the holistic precepts of smart and sustainable cities.
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