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dc.contributor.authorTerradillos Bernal, Marcos 
dc.contributor.authorAllué, Ethel
dc.contributor.authorCarrancho Alonso, Ángel 
dc.contributor.authorDíez Fernández-Lomana, Juan Carlos
dc.contributor.authorIriarte Chiapusso, María José
dc.contributor.authorJordá Pardo, Jesús F.
dc.contributor.authorVallverdú, Josep
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-07T11:08:17Z
dc.date.available2019-11-07T11:08:17Z
dc.date.issued2019-09
dc.identifier.issn1866-9557
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10259/5158
dc.description.abstractDuring the course of the excavations of the San Quirce open-air archaeological site in Spain, an unusual negative structure was identified in the Holocene level dated ca. sixth millennium cal BC. A fire pit alongside a single post-hole and intense fire-burning activity was recorded. Yet, the most striking feature of the structure is the absence of any artifactual or faunal record associated to it, something without a known archaeological parallel. Its interpretation represents an archaeological challenge addressed through a multidisciplinary approach including geoarchaeological, palaeobotanical techniques and experimental archaeology. Fifteen stratigraphically distinguishable combustion events showing a diachronic fire record, the significant structure’s dimensions and particularly the post-hole, indicate its anthropic origin. Archaeomagnetic and micromorphological data allowed reconstructing and temporally sequencing some formation and post-depositional processes, some involving water flows. Maximum heating temperatures between 480 and 525 °C were determined in one of the combustion features studied. The identification of grassy tufts would suggest a seasonal settlement of the site. We cannot yield a definite explanation for the artifactual absence, but the available data and an experimental archaeology recreation suggest that the structure could be used as a small hut/open-air bivouac, over which short-lived occupations were repeatedly carried out.en
dc.description.sponsorshipJunta de Castilla y León (project BU235P18) with also FEDER founding.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenges
dc.publisherSpringeres
dc.relation.ispartofArchaeological and Anthropological Sciences. 2019, V. 11, n. 9, p. 4873–4890en
dc.subjectOpen-air campen
dc.subjectSixth millennium cal BCen
dc.subjectStart of Neolithicen
dc.subjectCombustion structuresen
dc.subjectDuero River basinen
dc.subject.otherArqueologíaes
dc.subject.otherArchaeologyen
dc.titleA structure from the sixth millennium cal BC with no artifactual content at San Quirce (Palencia, Spain): a multidisciplinary studyen
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.typeArtículoes
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccesses
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-019-00835-2es
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s12520-019-00835-2
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/JCyL/BU235P18
dc.type.hasVersioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion


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