Por favor, use este identificador para citar o enlazar este ítem: http://hdl.handle.net/10259/5517
Formulation and preparation of water-In-oil-In-water emulsions loaded with a phenolic-rich Inner aqueous phase by application of high energy emulsification methods
Foods, 2020, V. 9, n. 10, 1411
Fecha de publicación
Currently, industry is requesting proven techniques that allow the use of encapsulated polyphenols, rather than free molecules, to improve their stability and bioavailability. Response surface methodology (RSM) was applied in this work to determine the optimal composition and operating conditions for preparation of water-in-oil-in-water (W/O/W) emulsions loaded with phenolic rich inner aqueous phase from olive mill wastewater. A rotor-stator mixer, an ultrasonic homogenizer and a microfluidizer processor were tested in this study as high-energy emulsification methods. Optimum results were obtained by means of microfluidizer with 148 MPa and seven cycles input levels yielding droplets of 105.3 3.2 nm in average size and 0.233 0.020 of polydispersity index. -potential, chemical and physical stability of the optimal W/O/W emulsion were also evaluated after storage. No droplet size growth or changes in stability and -potential were observed. Furthermore, a satisfactory level of phenolics retention (68.6%) and antioxidant activity (89.5%) after 35 days of storage at room temperature makes it suitable for application in the food industry.
water-in-oil-in-water (W/O/W) emulsion
response surface methodology (RSM)
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